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①Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage。
【考点剖析】灭绝师太常考(the most)本句的意思是“之前这些年英语报纸上所发生的最有影响力的变换的能够是艺术议论的在报导规模和严肃性的侵蚀”。
①It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers. ②Yet a considerable number of the most significant collections of criticism published in the 20th century consisted in large part of newspaper reviews. ③ To read such books today is to marvel at the fact that their learned contents were once deemed suitable for publication in general-circulation dailies。
【考点剖析】①to the point of “到…田地”  ②转机常考,出21题。 “可是,在20世纪大量的最主要的批判集是有报纸议论组成的。”本句强调20世纪的报纸议论数目许多。③沿着上句的意思叙述:现在读到这样的书的人不由会对下面这个现实以为惊讶:这些议论之前居然被以为合适在面向夷易近众的日报上刊登。
21. It is indicated in Paragraphs 1 and 2 that
A arts criticism has disappeared from big-city newspapers。
B English-language newspapers used to carry more arts reviews。
C high-quality newspapers retain a large body of readers。
D young readers doubt the suitability of criticism on dailies。
【准确选项剖析】B 由第一段的 ①decline in scope 和第二段的②a considerable number 都在强调之前的报纸关于艺术议论数目许多,以是选择B
【滋扰选项剖析】A 较量容易扫除。与第一段①抵触,原文只是说decline, 即降低,没有说消掉落(disappear)
C 较量容易扫除。“高质量的报纸未损掉落大量的读者”。生事生非。
D 强滋扰项。“年轻的读者嫌疑报纸上的议论不合适”。原文③:《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》marvel v be very surprised (and often admiring) 大为惊讶(常含赞美之意),注解着实读者是赞成:这些议论可以再报纸上刊登的。这里的doubt 体现嫌疑,以是与marvel意思相反。
①  We are even farther removed from the unfocused newspaper reviews published in England between the turn of the 20th century and the eve of World War 2,at a time when newsprint was dirt-cheap and stylish arts criticism was considered an ornament to the publications in which it appeared. ②In those far-off days, it was taken for granted that the critics of major papers would write in detail and at length about the events they covered. ③Theirs was a serious business. and even those reviews who wore their learning lightly, like George Bernard Shaw and Ernest Newman, could be trusted to know what they were about. ④These men believed in journalism as a calling , and were proud to be published in the daily press. ⑤'So few authors have brains enough or literary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism,' Newman wrote, "that I am tempted to define "journalism" as "a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are".'
【考点剖析】①否认常考(unfocused)出22题。承接上文,上文讲我们的议论数目增添,这里一连讲我们以致离20世纪初到二战时代的报纸议论也相差很远。Even farther removed from 注解作者的惋惜之情。② in detail and at length“详细的”③ serious“严肃的”④calling“对做某项使命的强烈欲望或义务感” proud“自满” 下面的这些词都注解二战前的报纸议论的气焰气焰。⑤否认常考,出23题。“是以,简直没有人有足够的智慧或文学禀赋在新闻事业上成就自己,我更喜欢吧新闻事业界说为“被假作家羞辱地应用了的术语,对真作家来讲,他们缺乏齿数”。”着实本句话中Newman wrote,前面的基本不须要看懂。
22. Newspaper reviews in England before World War 2 were characterized by
A free themes。
B casual style。
C elaborate layout。
D radical viewpoints。
【准确选项剖析】A unfocused的英文诠释:not concentrated at one point or upon one objective, free的英文诠释是unrestricted,以是unfocused = free ,属于同义替换。
B 请看《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》字典对casual 的诠释:(a)made or done without much care or thought; offhand 不经意的; 随便的; 忽视的; 暂时的(b) (derog 贬) showing little concern; nonchalant; irresponsible 漠不眷注的; 无动於衷的; 不负义务的(c) not methodical or thorough; not serious 无条理的; 不完全的; 不认真的 。这几个意思都是和② in detail and at length“详细的”③ serious“严肃的”④calling“对做某项使命的强烈欲望或义务感” proud“自满”相抵触的。以是不选。
C 强滋扰项。elaborate 可以替换原文中的in detail ,但是layout(结构)生事生非,以是本题与原文不切合合。
D radical 守旧的 生事生非。
23. Which of the following would shaw and Newman most probably agree on?
A It is writers' duty to fulfill journalistic goals。
B It is contemptible for writers to be journalists。
C Writers are likely to be tempted into journalism。
D Not all writers are capable of journalistic writing。
【准确选项剖析】D 对⑤同义替换。Few= not all ,have brains enough or literary gift enough=capable of
重视:D选项中not all属于部门否认,语气宛转,在选项中泛起经常准确。
【滋扰选项剖析】A journalistic goals(新闻业的目的),生事生非。
B “作家成为记者是值得厌弃的。”与④的proud (自满的)相反。
C “作者容易被新闻业吸引”。对⑤移花接木。原文说的是被define "journalism" as… 所吸引,而不是被journalism所吸引。
①Unfortunately, these critics are virtually forgotten. ②Neville Cardus, who wrote for the Manchester Guardian from 1917 until shortly before his death in 1975, is now known solely as a writer of essays on the game of cricket. ③During his lifetime, though, he was also one of England's foremost classical-music critics, and a stylist so widely admired that his Autobiography (1947) became a best-seller. ④He was knighted in 1967, the first music critic to be so honored. ⑤Yet only one of his books is now in print, and his vast body of writings on music is unknown save to specialists. ①②③④⑤