2011年考研英语翻译剖析

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2011年考研英语翻译剖析详细简介以下,欲望可以赞助到您:
Section I Use of English
Directions:
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health。” But   1   some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does   2   short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels,   3   heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to 4  , a good laugh is unlikely to have   5   benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does。
6  , instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the   7  , studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter   8   muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down。
Such bodily reaction might conceivably help   9   the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of   10   feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state.   11   one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted   12   physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry   13   they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow。
Although sadness also   14   tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow   15  muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to   16   a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile – or with their lips, which would produce a(n)   17   expression. Those forced to exercise their enthusiastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown,   19   that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around   20   , the physical act of laughter could improve mood。
篇章剖析:
效果的文章来自于 2009年4月刊Scientific American的How Humor Makes You Friendlier, by Sexier Steve Ayan, :滑稽若何使你加倍有分缘且性感
1.[A]among           [B]except                 [C]despite                 [D]like                C
2.[A]reflect             [B]demand             [C]indicate                 [D]produce           D
3.[A]stabilizing      [B]boosting             [C]impairing              [D]determining    B
4.[A]transmit          [B]sustain                [C]evaluate                [D]observe            B
5.[A]measurable    [B]manageable        [C]affordable            [D]renewable        A
6.[A]In turn            [B]In fact                   [C]In addition            [D]In brief            B
7.[A]opposite        [B]impossible            [C]average                 [D]expected         A
8.[A]hardens         [B]weakens                [C]tightens                [D]relaxes             D
9.[A]aggravate      [B]generate               [C]moderate              [D]enhance          C
10.[A]physical        [B]mental                  [C]subconscious         [D]internal          A
11.[A]Except for     [B]According to        [C]Due to                   [D]As for              B
12.[A]with              [B]on                         [C]in                            [D]at                     C
13.[A]unless           [B]until                      [C]if                            [D]because          D
14.[A]exhausts       [B]follows                  [C]precedes               [D]suppresses     C
15.[A]into              [B]from                       [C]towards                 [D]beyond           B
16.[A]fetch            [B]bite                        [C]pick                        [D]hold               D
17.[A]disappointed    [B]excited             [C]joyful                     [D]indifferent      A
18.[A]adapted       [B]catered                 [C]turned                     [D]reacted         D
19.[A]suggesting   [B]requiring              [C]mentioning           [D]supposing       A
20.[A]Eventually    [B]Consequently       [C]Similarly                  [D]Conversely     C
Section II Reading Comprehension
Part A
Directions:
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)
Text 1
The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 2009. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic。
纽约爱乐乐团决议约请Alan Gilbert作为下一任的音乐总监,这从2009年任命被宣布之日起就在古典音乐界惹起了热议。别的不说,大部门人的回声是起劲的。“好啊,事实好了!” Anthony Tommasini写道,他可是一个以严肃著称的古典音乐议论家。
One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him。” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise。
但是,这个任命之以是一起人们惊讶的启事却是Gilbert相对而言着实不是很著名。以致在时代杂志上发文支持Gilbert任命的Tommasini都称其为:低调的音乐家,在他身上找不到那种横行犷悍的指导家的气质。纽约爱乐乐团迄今为止都是由像Gustav Mahler(古斯塔夫·马勒)和Pierre Boulez布列兹那样的音乐家指导的。这样去形貌这个乐团的下一名指导,至少关于时代的读者而言,这是一种苍白的表彰。
For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes。
就我看来,我不知道Gilbert能否是一个严重的指导家或许是一个好的指导。但是我能一定的是,他能体现出许多滑稽的乐章,但是我却应当不会去Avery Fisher Hall或许其他地方去听一场滑稽的交响乐饰演。我要做的使命就是去我的CD架上,或许掀开的我的电脑从ITUNES曲折载更多的唱片。
Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert。
那些忠诚的音乐会不雅不雅众会讲唱片着实不克不及取代现场的饰演,但是他们忽视了一些使命。当下为了取得艺术喜欢者的钱,时间,关注度,古典音乐的演奏家们(着实就是指交响乐团,赞成复述)不只需和剧院,舞蹈队,饰演公司和博物馆竞争,而且还须要和那些纪录了20世纪的严重的古典音乐演奏者饰演的唱片竞争。唱片很克己,那里都能买到,而且好比今许多现场音乐会的艺术质量要高。进一步的讲,听众能选择听唱片的时间和所在。这些随处可以取得的唱片给传统的饰演机构带来了危急。
One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization。” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract。
关于古典音乐演奏者而言,他们能够的一个回应就是排演出唱片上没有的曲目。Gilbert对新音乐兴趣曾经被普遍的关注了:Alex Ross,一名古典音乐的批判家,就这样形貌道:他能够把爱乐乐团酿成一个完全不合,加倍有活力的组织。但是那种不合的性子也是甚么呢?能够仅仅增添乐团饰演的曲目是不够的,假定Gilbert和他的乐团要前进的话,他们就必须首先改变美国最古老的乐团(就是纽约爱乐乐团)同他们想吸引的新不雅不雅众间的关系。
语篇剖析:
这篇文章来自Commentary 2007年9月刊的一篇文章Selling Classical Music by TERRY TEACHOUT。这个杂志可以说著名度着实不高,这可以看出命题人的出题指向性,反反命题的偏向很严重。之前的经济学人,今年只需在B节被选。
若何凯文师长教员一直强调的这篇文章的文体就是群情文。第一二段都是一个引入。3段提出了作者的不雅不雅点。4段和5段是关于3段不雅不雅点进一步的递进和睁开。而在第一个第二段中是不合的人关于新任指导的看法。以是浏览考研文章没有甚么严重的就是关注不雅不雅点!分清论点和论据!
21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has      。
[A]incurred criticism.                        [B]raised suspicion。
[C]received acclaim.                        [D]aroused curiosity。
剖析:这个效果相对质朴,各家也没有甚么争议,只须要读懂:For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least。便可以了,着实考生只须要读懂:For the most part, the response has been favorable。这就是焦点。acclaim。就是体现 favorable。虽然,前面那小我说的话一定是为相识释这个结论的读不读都无妨了。
22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is
[A]influential.                            [B]modest。
[C]respectable.                        [D]talented。
剖析:这个效果要害就是要学会对论点和论据的敏感:Tommasini是个详细的人提他是有目的的。问他的看法,你可以直接看这样一句:“an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him。”但是这样的句子中的:unpretentious和formidable能有几个同砚熟悉? 那么就看看这个句子在段落中的职位吧:论据,且和第一句是一个递进的关系,他是进一步诠释第一句的:One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known。这个句子该懂了吧。这小我相对来讲信用不大。A,C,D 都无从谈起了。只需modest和这个信用大不大能相关。这样的论据和论点的剖析和段落的语篇剖析措施就是凯文师长教员的师长教员能独步于考研界的最大宝物。
23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers
[A]ignore the expenses of live performances。
[B]reject most kinds of recorded performances。
[C]exaggerate the variety of live performances。
[D]overestimate the value of live performances。
剖析:作者的不雅不雅点:The author believes,这个是在关注定位词devoted concertgoers后的另外一个要害点;作者以为concertgoers miss the point;但详细是甚么,须要看选项了。A ,忽视了现场演奏的用度,B,拒绝大多数的唱片演奏。这两个是没有凭证的属于未提及选项。C有一定的滋扰性:the variety of live performances,二段中是有variety 这个单词的,而且在段落中泛起了许多若干许多几何并列的因素,这样关于许多没有读懂原文的同砚着实是会发生视觉滋扰的。但是听kevin师长教员的话的同砚,会做一个主干的剖析发现the value of live performances这个宾语和动词是没有原文凭证的。最后一个选项之以是准确是由于:作者在一直说唱片的好,而前面又说concertgoers以为现场演奏不会被唱片取代。这样就是论点上的正话反说了。谜底就应当是最后一个了。高估了现场饰演的价值。这就是关于不雅不雅点的控制,何等主要啊!!!
24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings?
[A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality。
[B]They are easily accessible to the general public。
[C]They help improve the quality of music。
[D]They have only covered masterpieces。
剖析:捉住要害词:recordings凭证行文序次与效果根天职歧的准绳,停在倒数第二段:There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert。一连串的形貌就是B。滋扰项是C : They help improve the quality of music。听Kevin的剖析主谓宾,回文章中定位你会发现,文章中说的是唱片中的饰演的质量要好比今的好,但是并没有说:help improve the quality of music。剖析选项主谓宾,和原文逐一对应就一定能扫除这样的视觉滋扰。[A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality。和原文表诉相反。[D]They have only covered masterpieces。原文没有提及。读者不要自作聪慧的以为,嗯,师长教员讲过的泛起过often 和only的选项太相对了,不克不及选。这样的扫除是有风险的也是,Kevin师长教员一直都不会这样讲的。教育部命题中央可弗成以那天就用一个only 做准确选项。虽然可以了!以是从小啊打好基础!
25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels
[A]doubtful.                            [B]enthusiastic。
[C]confident.                            [D]puzzled。
剖析:问作者的态度,主体是作者,工具是Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic从详细表述出发寻觅照顾的态度表达词:But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough。一个but ,一个?,一个not就把这类不愿定性给出来了。于是这就是选A doubtful。记得手艺派曾经有这样的总结:puzzled 和doubtful 都是所谓的永陪词汇,这样的手艺还是不要的好啊。

文章泉源:2011年考研英语翻译剖析