2006年考研英语一翻译

【网上手游棋牌-九乐棋牌游戏下载 okaoyan.com】 为人人供应2006年考研英语一翻译九乐棋牌游戏下载,更多考研资讯请关注我们网站的更新!敬请珍藏本站。

2006年考研英语一翻译详细简介以下,欲望可以赞助到您:
2006年考研英语翻译真题及谜底剖析
Part C
Directions:
Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points)
Is it true that the American intellectual is rejected and considered of no account in his society? I am going to suggest that it is not true. Father Bruckberger told part of the story when he observed that it is the intellectuals who have rejected America. But they have done more than that. They have grown dissatisfied with the role of intellectual. It is they, not America, who have become anti-intellectual.
First, the object of our study pleads for definition. What is an intellectual? 46) I shall define him as an individual who has elected as his primary duty and pleasure in life the activity of thinking in a Socratic (苏格拉底) way about moral problems. He explores such problems consciously, articulately, and frankly, first by asking factual questions, then by asking moral questions, finally by suggesting action which seems appropriate in the light of the factual and moral information which he has obtained. 47) His function is analogous to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a manner as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.
This definition excludes many individuals usually referred to as intellectuals -- the average scientist, for one. 48) I have excluded him because, while his accomplishments may contribute to the solution of moral problems, he has not been charged with the task of approaching any but the factual aspects of those problems. Like other human beings, he encounters moral issues even in the everyday performance of his routine duties -- he is not supposed to cook his experiments, manufacture evidence, or doctor his reports. 49) But his primary task is not to think about the moral code which governs his activity, any more than a businessman is expected to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business. During most of his waking life he will take his code for granted, as the businessman takes his ethics.
The definition also excludes the majority of teachers, despite the fact that teaching has traditionally been the method whereby many intellectuals earn their living. 50) They may teach very well and more than earn their salaries, but most of them make little or no independent reflections on human problems which involve moral judgment. This description even fits the majority of eminent scholars. Being learned in some branch of human knowledge is one thing, living in "public and illustrious thoughts,” as Emerson would say, is something else.
 
谜底剖析
Part C (10 points)
46.我将他界说为一个对品行效果阻拦苏格拉底式思虑并将此作为自己人生主要义务和快活的人。
47.他的职责与法官类似,必须承当这样的义务:用尽能够清晰了了的要领来展示自己做出决议的推理历程。
48.我之以是把他(浅易迷信家)扫除在外,是由于虽然他的效果能够会有助于处置赏罚赏罚品行效果,但他承当的义务只不外是研究这些效果的现实方面。
49.但是,他的主要义务虚在不是推敲部署自己行动的品行尺度,就似乎不克不及希冀商人专注于探索行业尺度一样。
50.他们可以教得很好,而且不只仅是为了挣薪水,但他们大多数人却很少或没有对须要阻拦品行断定的、人的效果阻拦自力思虑。

文章泉源:2006年考研英语一翻译