2016年考研英语:定语从句和同位语从句的三大差异

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距离考研尚有不到两个月的时间,捉住时间,考研成就异常会有飞跃的增添。本文小编为人人分享一些语法看法,供人人参考。
       毗连词作用不合。

  以that为例,毗连定语从句的that一定会在从句中充当一定的因素;而毗连同位语从句的that只起毗连作用,不在从句中继续任何句子因素。whether 和 how 可以指导同位语从句,但不克不及指导定语从句。关系代词和关系副词除毗连从句的作用外,还在定语从句中充当一定的句子因素,如主语、宾语、定语、表语等。指导定语从句的毗连词是关系词,有数的关系代词和关系副词有that , which , who , whose , whom , when , where , why , as,than, but等

  The fact that we talked about is very important.

  The fact that he succeeded in the experiment pleased everybody.

  (二)先行词不合。

  定语从句先行词既可以是人,也可以是物。相当于形貌词。

  The moon is a satellite that goes round the earth.

  The few points that the president stressed in his report are very important.

  同位语从句进一步诠释的是具有笼统看法的词,其作用相当于名词,对前面的名词阻拦填补诠释。如fact, result, discovery,belief , doubt , fact , hope , idea , news , possibility , thought , order , suggestion , wish , answer , information , conclusion , decision , discovery , knowledge , law , opinion , problem , promise , proof , question , report , truth , risk等等。

  He has an idea that he can make the scientific instrument in a better way.

  He expressed the hope that he would come to China.

  (三)从指导词来看

  假定指导从句的词为when体现时间,where体现所在,why体现启事,how怎样样,体现要领,而它前面的词划分体现时间,所在,启事,要领等意义,那它们就是关系副词,指导的是定语从句。

  I’ll never forget the day when I saw the Great Wall.

  This is the room where LuXun once lived.

  The question when we will start the work is not decided.

  You have no idea how worried I was.

文章泉源:2016年考研英语:定语从句和同位语从句的三大差异