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Section 1 Use of English

Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggests that happiness might influence__1__firm’s work, too.

Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper.__2__, firms in happy places spend more on R&D (research and development). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking__3__for making investments for the future.

The researchers wanted to know if the__4__and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would__5__the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness__6__by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.

__7__enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were__8__.But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities__9__why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various__10__that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales – and for indicators that a place was__11__to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally__12__even after accounting for these things.

The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors__13__to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less__14__managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was__15__stronger in places where happiness was spread more__16__.Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality.

__17__ this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least__18__at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help__19__how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and__20__R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.

1. [A] why [B] where [C] how [D] when

2. [A] In return [B] In particular [C] In contrast [D] In conclusion

1. [尺度谜底][C]how


[选项剖析]? 凭证语境,“新发现注解:快活能够会影响使命__的稳固。”[A] 为甚么 [B] 那里 [C] 怎样,何等 [D] 当…时间。凭证语义剖析,C选项填入原文,译为“快活能够会影响使命是有何等稳固”,C为准确选项。

2. [尺度谜底][B]In particular


[选项剖析][A] 反已往 [B] 特殊是 [C] 相反 [D] 总的来讲 凭证前文语境,第二段第一句译为“凭证近期的研究,具有更多快活的人的公司会投资更多”。而第二句“_______那些在快活力氛中的公司会做更多的研发和生长。“第二句是在第一句的基础前途一步强调剂释,是以B选项更切合语境请求。

3. [尺度谜底] [D]necessary


[选项剖析][A]充实的 [B] 著名的 [C] 完善的 [D] 须要的 首先,凭证本句题干 “That’s?because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking 3 for making investments for the future.”译为“由于快活与对未来投资有______久远推敲相联系。”请求填写形貌词, 我们要推敲其搭配与其润饰因素。空格处搭配介词for, 而且润饰“久远推敲”。是以D选项最切合语境请求。

4. [尺度谜底][C]optimism


[选项剖析][A]小我主义 [B] 现代主义 [C] 乐不雅不雅主义 [D] 现实主义 本题考察同后缀的名词辨析。凭证原文主旨,探讨“happy people”与公司的关系。那么,权衡四个选项,只需C选项切合主旨请求。

5. [尺度谜底][D]change


[选项剖析] [A]收回回声 [B] 惦念,错过 [C] 破损 [D] 改变 凭证原文语境,“would 5 the way companies invested.”本题考察动宾搭配,宾语为“公司投资的要领”只需D选项搭配最为公正。



[选项剖析] [A]想象 [B] 权衡,丈量 [C] 创作缔造 [D] 假定,设想 “So they compared U.S. cities’average happiness 6 by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.”译为“他们把盖洛普咨询公司所_____的美国都会匀称幸福指数与该地域的上市公司投资生动度阻拦较量。” 凭证原文语境,盖洛普咨询公司所做的应当是一个“既定现实”以是扫除ACD。是以,B选项为最好选项。



[选项剖析] [A]确信的 [B] 希奇的 [C] 不幸运的 [D] 经常的 本题为结实搭配“sure enough” 译为“足以一定的是,”



[选项剖析] [A]广告的 [B] 划分的 [C] 课税太重的 [D]位于总部的 凭证原文“ firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were 8 . ”译为“足以一定的是,公司投资与研发力度与公司______的幸福指数相关。”in which 指导体现所在的定语从句,先行词为area.较量四个选项,ABC缺乏以诠释此所在的真实寄义。是以,D选项,搭配前文area,组成“总部所在地”最为公正。



[选项剖析] [A]诠释 [B] 强调 [C] 概述[D]重点强调 凭证原文“…or ould something else about happier cities 9 why firms there spend more on R&D?” A选项 “explain”常和后文 “why” 搭配应用。



[选项剖析] [A]阶段 [B] 因素 [C] 品级[D]措施 凭证原文语境“To find out, the researchers controlled for various 10 that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales…”本题中,破折号前面 “巨细,家当,发卖”这些都是 “让公司有更多投资的”因素。是以,B选项最切合原文语境。

3. [A] sufficient [B] famous [C] perfect [D] necessary

4. [A] individualism [B] modernism [C] optimism [D] realism

5. [A] echo [B] miss [C] spoil [D] change

6. [A] imagined [B] measured [C] invented [D] assumed

7. [A] Sure [B] Odd [C] Unfortunate [D] Often

8. [A] advertised [B] divided [C] overtaxed [D] headquartered

9. [A] explain [B] overstate [C] summarize [D] emphasize

10.[A] stages [B] factors [C] levels [D] methods

11.[A] desirable [B] sociable [C] reputable [D] reliable

12.[A] resumed [B] held [C]emerged [D] broke

13.[A] attribute [B] assign [C] transfer [D]compare

14.[A] serious [B] civilized [C] ambitious [D]experienced

15.[A] thus [B] instead [C] also [D] never

16.[A] rapidly [B] regularly [C] directly [D] equally

17.[A] After [B] Until [C] While [D] Since

18.[A] arrives [B] jumps [C] hints [D] strikes

19.[A] shape [B] rediscover [C] simplify [D] share

20.[A] pray for [B] lean towards [C] give away [D] send out

11.[尺度谜底] [A] desirable

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义和形貌词

[选项剖析] 该空填的是形貌词,用来润饰前面的名词place,而且在乎义上也是对前面like growth in wages or population的诠释,可以看出来应当是填褒义词,而且能润饰place.以是只需[A]desirable合适的 切合文章。[B]social 社交的 [C]reputable 受尊重的 [D]reliable 可依附的。

12. [尺度谜底] [B]held

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项剖析] 该句算是这一段的总结句,该段所有在形貌幸福与投资之间的关系,而这一link就只能得出了,只需[B]held ”得出”切合语境。A resumed “重新泉源”,C emerge “浮现”,D broke “破损”。

13.[尺度谜底] [A] attribute

[考点剖析] 曲折文逻辑关系和动词词组辨析

[选项剖析]该空是一个which指导的定语从句的谓语动词所在地,动词的宾语就是前面的主句,强调“幸福与投资之间的关系特殊适用于新公司”这一结论与前面“所做决议会偏忽略”之间的关系,能看出是一个因果关系,是以谜底选择[A]attribute 与to 搭配体现“归因于……”,而[B]assign to体现“指派”[C]transfer to“转移到”[D]compare to“与……较量”均不切合题意。

14.[尺度谜底] [D] experienced

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及形貌词词义辨析

[选项剖析] 此处很质朴,前面有一个并列连词and, 与前面的young不合润饰managers,强调新公司的指导年轻并缺乏履历,只需[D]experienced最合适。

15. [尺度谜底] [C] also

[考点剖析] 曲折文逻辑关系和副词词义辨析


16. [尺度谜底] [D]equally

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及副词词义辨析

[选项剖析] 这题是考察副词润饰spread, 然则更要重视的是该句“这类关系在员工幸福指数_____的公司特殊显着。公司似乎乐于投资那些相对快活的员工所在的部门,而不是那些不快活的部门。”中该空与前面的inequality组成复现关系,以是很容易断定出谜底选择[D]equally。

17. [尺度谜底] [C] while

[考点剖析] 曲折文逻辑关系

[选项剖析] 该题是尺度的考察曲折文逻辑关系的效果,是以着力点应当放在上一段和这一段之间的关系。这一段第一句明确说出“这着实不证实是幸福招致公司大量投资……”,以是两句话之间是一个转机关系,选择while.

18. [尺度谜底] [C]hints

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项剖析] 该题可以看出是考察动词与at的结实搭配,arrive at是“到达,抵达”,jump at是“扑向;欣然吸收”hint at是“体现” strike at是“进击,进击”,文章中的at least 和that possibility论证了这是一种能够,只需hint at有这层寄义。

19. [尺度谜底] [A]shape

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词词义辨析 reshape 重塑

[选项剖析] 凭证曲折文应被选一个“影响”未来看法寄义的动词,[B]是“再发现”[C]是“使简化,使单纯”[D]是“分享”以是可以都可以扫除,A 是“塑造,组成,影响”,以是A项是最好谜底。

20. [尺度谜底] [B]lean towards

[选项剖析] 曲折文语义及动词词组词义辨析

[考点剖析] 本空考察动词词组,且该词组词义应与and前面意思保持不合,且作用工具为研发。[A]pray for 祈祷 [B]lean towards 偏向 [C]give away 放弃,走漏 [D]send out 放出,给予。只需[B]选项能表达一种递进寄义。








Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

Text 1

It’s true that high-school coding classes aren’t essential for learning computer science in college. Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science.

However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial. When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it’s not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers — but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses. It’s not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students. Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal. Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said.

Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away.

The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that’s become popular for adults looking for a career change. The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but “we try to gear lessons toward things they’re interested in,” said Victoria Friedman, an instructor. For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood.

The students in the Flatiron class probably won’t drop out of high school and build the next Facebook. Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the “Ruby on Rails” language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market. But the skills they learn — how to think logically through a problem and

organize the results — apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.

Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all. But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes. These kids are going to be surrounded by computers — in their pockets, in their offices, in their homes — for the rest of their lives. The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want — the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that — the better.

21. Cortina holds that early exposure to computer science makes it easier to____.

A. complete future job training

B. remodel the way of thinking

C. formulate logical hypotheses

D. perfect artwork production

22. In delivering lessons for high-schoolers, Flatiron has considered their____.

A. experience

B. academic backgrounds

C. career prospects

D. interest

23. Deborah Seehorn believes that the skills learned at Flatiron will____.

A. help students learn other computer languages

B. have to be upgraded when new technologies come

C. need improving when students look for jobs

D. enable students to make big quick money

24. According to the last paragraph, Flatiron students are expected to____.

A. compete with a future army of programmers

B. stay longer in the information technology industry

C. become better prepared for the digitalized world

D. bring forth innovative computer technologies

25. The word “coax” (Line4, Para.6) is closest in meaning to____.

A. challenge

B. persuade

C. frighten

D. misguide

Text 1

21 谜底 B remodel the way of thinking.

Reshape 重塑 remold 重塑

Mold 名词-模子 模子 动词-组成塑造

剖析:此题是文中人物不雅不雅点题。凭证Cortina定位到第二段前三句。Cortina以为尽早接触盘算机迷信是有益的。第三句It’s not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students. 译为在改变头脑法式模范模范方面小孩不像年岁较大的师长教员一样艰辛,即B remodel the way of thinking 改变头脑要领即为同义替换。

22 谜底 D interest

剖析:此题是细节题。凭证要害词Friedman定位到第四段第二句but以后引号外面内容“我们试图让课程切合师长教员兴趣”,故而D interest为准确谜底。

23 谜底 A help students learn other computer languages

剖析:文中人物不雅不雅点题。题干问的是Deborah Seehorn以为在Flatiron这里所学到的手艺将能怎样样,据此定位到第五段But处,和题干根天职歧,该句指出“But the skills they learn…appl to any coding language”,意思是他们学到的手艺可以应用于任何编码语言。较量谜底选项,A选项的意思是“赞助师长教员学习其他的盘算机语言”属于原文定位处的同义替换。

24 谜底 C become better prepared for the digitalized world

剖析:细节题。题干指出:凭证最后一段,Flatiron的师长教员被希冀去干甚么。据此定位到最后一段的These kids are going to be处,是题干的同义复现。定位句“These kids are…be surrounded by computers for the rest of their lives. The younger they learn how computers think…….the better.”,意思是师长教员们越早学越好。C选项“为数字化的未来做更好的准备”是同义概述。

25 谜底 B persuade

剖析:词义句意题,联络曲折文来解题。凭证coax此单词,定位到最后一段最后一句“how to coax the machine into producing what they want”,考察结实搭配“persuade…into…”。A选项寻衅,B选项劝服,C选项使恐慌,D选项误导。考生做题时一定要重视联络曲折文来推想生词的词义,这是命题人的出题 纪律。

Text 2

Biologists estimate that as many as 2 million lesser prairie chickens---a kind of bird living on stretching grasslands—once lent red to the often gray landscape of the midwestern and southwestern United States. But just some 22,000 birds remain today, occupying about 16% of the species’ historic range.

The crash was a major reason the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)decided to formally list the bird as threatened. “The lesser prairie chicken is in a desperate situation,” said USFWS Director Daniel Ashe. Some environmentalists, however, were disappointed. They had pushed the agency to designate the bird as “endangered,” a status that gives federal officials greater regulatory power to crack down on threats. But Ashe and others argued that the“threatened” tag gave the federal government flexibility to try out new, potentially less confrontational conservations approaches. In particular, they called for forging closer collaborations with western state governments, which are often uneasy with federal action and with the private landowners who control an estimated 95% of the prairie chicken’s habitat.

Under the plan, for example, the agency said it would not prosecute landowner or businesses that unintentionally kill, harm, or disturb the bird, as long as they had signed a range—wide management plan to restore prairie chicken habitat. Negotiated by USFWS and the states, the plan requires individuals and businesses that damage habitat as part of their operations to pay into a fund to replace every acre destroyed with 2 new acres of suitable habitat. The fund will also be used to compensate landowners who set aside habitat, USFWS also set an interim goal of restoring prairie chicken populations to an annual average of 67,000 birds over the next 10 years. And it gives the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA), a coalition of state agencies, the job of monitoring progress. Overall, the idea is to let “states” remain in the driver’s seat for managing the species,” Ashe said.

Not everyone buys the win-win rhetoric Some Congress members are trying to block the plan, and at least a dozen industry groups, four states, and three environmental groups are challenging it in federal court Not surprisingly, doesn’t go far enough “The federal government is giving responsibility for managing the bird to the same industries that are pushing it to extinction,” says biologist Jay Lininger.

26. The major reason for listing the lesser prairie as threatened is____

[A]its drastically decreased population

[B]the underestimate of the grassland acreage

[C]a desperate appeal from some biologists

[D]the insistence of private landowners

27.The “threatened” tag disappointed some environmentalists in that it_____

[A]was a give-in to governmental pressure

[B]would involve fewer agencies in action

[C]granted less federal regulatory power

[D]went against conservation policies

28.It can be learned from Paragraph3 that unintentional harm-doers will not be prosecuted if they_____

[A]agree to pay a sum for compensation

[B]volunteer to set up an equally big habitat

[C]offer to support the WAFWA monitoring job

[D]promise to raise funds for USFWS operations

29.According to Ashe, the leading role in managing the species in______

[A]the federal government

[B]the wildlife agencies

[C]the landowners

[D]the states

30.Jay Lininger would most likely support_______

[A]industry groups

[B]the win-win rhetoric

[C]environmental groups

[D]the plan under challenge

26 谜底 A its drastically decreased population

剖析:此题是启事细节题。凭证要害词定位到第一段But前后关于lesser prairie chickens 数目2million和22,000的强烈较量。此外第二段第二句“the lesser prairie chicken is in a desperate situation”都可以得知A its drastically decreased population 数目标急剧降低为准确谜底。

27 谜底 C granted less federal regulatory powers

Grant 动词-赞成允许;授予授予


剖析:此题是启事细节题。凭证要害词定位到第二段第四句,They had …, a state that gives federal officials greater regulatory power. 而But 以后是截然相反的现实,即政府授予了更少的治理权。故而C granted less federal regulatory powers为准确谜底。

28 谜底 A agree to pay a sum for compensation赔偿赔偿 薪酬

剖析:揣摸题。题干问的是从第三段推出来:居心风险的那些人是不会被揭穿的假定怎样样。凭证题干定位到第三段首句“it would not prosecute….as long as ….”,题干中问的if即原文的as long as的赞成替换,原文as long as的意思是:只需他们签署了妄图。下一句说道,该妄图请求个体和企业去支付基金。对应选项A选项“赞成支付赔偿”属于同义替换。

29 谜底 D the states

剖析:此题是细节题。凭证要害词定位到第三段最后一句the idea is to let the“states”remain in the driver’s seat for managing the species, Ashe said. 其中in the driver’s seat对应题干中的the leading role, 故而D states为准确谜底。

30 谜底 C environmental groups群体全体

剖析:文中人物不雅不雅点题。题干问的是Jay Lininger最能够支持谁,大写人名定位到末段最后一句。最后一句提到:生物学家Jay Lininger说道联邦政府要把义务推给招致鸟类灭绝的企业,显着是对政府和企业的否决。再往前看一句,指出:企业全体和当部门分不雅不雅点不合,情形学家与其不雅不雅点恰巧不合。是以,Jay Lininger最支持情形全体的不雅不雅点了。

Text 3

That everyone’s too busy these days is a cliché. But one specific complaint is made especially mournfully: There’s never any time to read.

What makes the problem thornier is that the usual time-management techniques don’t seem sufficient. The web’s full of articles offering tips on making time to read: “Give up TV” or “Carry a book with you at all times” But in my experience, using such methods to free up the odd 30 minutes doesn’t work. Sit down to read and the flywheel of work-related thoughts keeps spinning-or else you’re so exhausted that a challenging book’s the last thing you need. The modern mind, Tim Parks, a novelist and critic, writes, “is overwhelmingly inclined toward communication…It is not simply that one is interrupted; it is that one is actually inclined to interruption”. Deep reading requires not just time, but a special kind of time which can’t be obtained merely by becoming more efficient.

In fact, “becoming more efficient” is part of the problem. Thinking of time as a resource to be maximised means you approach it instrumentally, judging any given moment as well spent only in so far as it advances progress toward some goal immersive reading, by contrast, depends on being willing to risk inefficiency, goallessness, even time-wasting. Try to slot it as a to-do list item and you’ll manage only goal-focused reading-useful, sometimes, but not the most fulfilling kind. “The future comes at us like empty bottles along an unstoppable and nearly infinite conveyor belt,” writes Gary Eberle in his book Sacred Time, and “we feel a pressure to fill these different-sized bottles (days, hours, minutes)as they pass, for if they get by without being filled, we will have wasted them”. No mind-set could be worse for losing yourself in a book.

So what does work? Perhaps surprisingly, scheduling regular times for reading. You’d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set, but in fact, Eberle notes, such ritualistic behaviour helps us “step outside time’s flow” into “soul time”. You could limit distractions by reading only physical books, or on single-purpose e-readers. “Carry a book with you at all times” can actually work, too-providing you dip in often enough, so that reading becomes the default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business, before dropping back down. On a really good day, it no longer feels as if you’re “making time to read,” but just reading, and making time for everything else.

31. The usual time-management techniques don’t work because?????

[A] what they can offer does not ease the modern mind

[B] what challenging books demand is repetitive reading

[C] what people often forget is carrying a book with them

[D] what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed

32. The “empty bottles” metaphor illustrates that people feel a pressure to?????

[A] update their to-do lists

[B] make passing time fulfilling

[C] carry their plans through

[D] pursue carefree reading

33. Eberle would agree that scheduling regular times for reading helps?????

[A] encourage the efficiency mind-set

[B] develop online reading habits

[C] promote ritualistic reading

[D] achieve immersive reading

34. “Carry a book with you at all times” can work if?????

[A] reading becomes your primary business of the day

[B] all the daily business has been promptly dealt with

[C] you are able to drop back to business after reading

[D] time can be evenly split for reading and business

35. The best title for this text could be?????

[A] How to Enjoy Easy Reading

[B] How to Find Time to Read

[C] How to Set Reading Goals

[D] How to Read Extensively

31 谜底 D what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed.

剖析:因果细节题。题干指出:传统的时间治理措施不起作用的启事是甚么。凭证题干定位到第二段首句指出the usual time-management techniques don’t seem sufficient,是题干的同义替换,但要找启事。整段都在剖析历程环节,事实启事一定在该段末句提到。直接定位到该段末句,指出深刻浏览不只须要时间,而且是一种仅仅经由历程有用没法取得的一种时间。联络选项D,深刻浏览所需的没法取得确保,是原文末句的同义替换。

32 谜底 B make passing time fulfilling

剖析:题干问的是“empty bottles”暗喻证清晰了了人们在做甚么方面有压力,empty bottles直接可以在文中Gary Eberle所说的话中找到:“The future comes at us like empty bottles…”。其所说的话证实的目的一定是为相识释前一句的不雅不雅点。是以,该题定位到三段“try to slot…but not the most fulfilling kind”,该句就指出:只会处置赏罚赏罚目的集中的浏览,这是有用的,但不是最有知足感的。联络选项B使流逝的时间更有知足感,是原文的同义替换。

33 谜底 D achieve immersive reading

剖析:文中人物不雅不雅点题,重视分辨文中人物不雅不雅点和作者不雅不雅点。题干问的是Eberle赞成为浏览设定划定性时间赞助甚么。凭证题干准一定位到第四段第二句:“You’d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set, but in fact, E…..into soul time”,意思是你会以为这可以提升效力性头脑设定,但现实上这些行动赞助我们跨入到灵魂浏览时间。对应选项D,取得深刻浏览,属于同义替换。

34 谜底 A reading becomes your primary business of the day

剖析:细节题。题干指出:总是带一本书会起作用假定怎样样。凭证题干定位到末段中央部门“carry a book with you at all times can actually work, too … so that reading becomes the default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business.”,意思是这样的话浏览就成为默许状态,有时会出来治理使命(重视business着实不是默许状态,非主要使命)。对应选项A 浏览成为天天的主要义务,是该句的同义替换。

35 谜底 B How to Find Time to Read


Text 4

Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure, younger Americans are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success, a latest poll has found.

Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life, including getting married, having children, owning a home, and retiring in their sixties. But while young and old mostly agree on what constitutes the finish line of a fulfilling life, they offer strikingly different paths for reaching it.

Young people who are still getting started in life were more likely than older adults to prioritize personal fulfillment in their work, to believe they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs, to favor communities with more public services and a faster pace of life, to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children, and to maintain that children are best served by two parents working outside the home, the survey found.

From career to community and family, these contrasts suggest that in the aftermath of the searing Great Recession, those just starting out in life are defining priorities and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of American life, from consumer preferences to housing patterns to politics.

Young and old converge on one key point: Overwhelming majorities of both groups said they believe it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations. While younger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today, big majorities in both groups believe those “just getting started in life” face a tougher a good-paying job, starting a family, managing debt, and finding affordable housing.

Pete Schneider considers the climb tougher today. Schneider, a 27-yaear-old auto technician from the Chicago suburbs says he struggled to find a job after graduating from college. Even now that he is working steadily, he said.” I can’t afford to pay ma monthly mortgage payments on my own, so I have to rent rooms out to people to mark that happen.” Looking back, he is struck that his parents could provide a comfortable life for their?children even though neither had completed college when he was young. “I still grew up in an upper middle-class home with parents who didn’t have college degrees,” Schneider said. “I don’t think people are capable of that anymore.”

36. One cross-generation mark of a successful life is_____.????

[A] trying out different lifestyles

[B] having a family with children

[C] working beyond retirement age

[D] setting up a profitable business

37. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that young people tend to?____.???

[A] favor a slower life pace

[B] hold an occupation longer

[C] attach importance to pre-marital finance

[D] give priority to childcare outside the home

38. The priorities and expectations defined by the young will?____.???

[A] become increasingly clear

[B] focus on materialistic issues

[C] depend largely on political preferences

[D] reach almost all aspects of American life

39. Both young and old agree that?____.

[A] good-paying jobs are less available

[B] the old made more life achievements

[C] housing loans today are easy to obtain

[D] getting established is harder for the young

40. Which of the following is true about Schneider?

[A] He found a dream job after graduating from college.

[B] His parents believe working steadily is a must for success.

[C] His parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree.

[D] He thinks his job as a technician quite challenging.

36 谜底 B having a family with children

剖析:此题是细节题。凭证要害词定位到第二段第一句Across generational lines,…including getting married, having children…即告成的标志网罗娶亲生子,故而准确选项是B having a family with children.

37 谜底 C attach importance to pre-marital finance

剖析:此题是细节题。凭证要害词定位到第三段第一句Young people…to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children…即年轻人以为伉俪在娶亲前或许生小孩前应当在经济上是稳固的,故而C attach importance to pre-marital finance为准确谜底。

38 谜底 D reach almost all aspect=respect 方面s of American life

剖析:此题是细节题。凭证要害词定位到第四段第一句…those just starting…will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects …即这些期待行将渗透渗透渗透渗透到美国生涯的各个方面,故而D reach almost all aspects of American life为准确谜底。

39 谜底 D getting established is harder for the young

剖析:此题是文中人物不雅不雅点题。凭证要害词定位到第五段第一句…it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations. 即与年父老相比,现现在的年轻人保持生计加倍艰辛,故而D getting established is harder for the young为准确谜底。

40 谜底 C His parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree.

剖析:此题是正误断定题。凭证要害词定位到第六段第五句Looking back…his parents could provide a comfortable life for the children even though neither had completed college when he was young.即怙恃纵然没有上过大学但依然可以为孩子供应温馨的生涯,故而His parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree.为准确谜底。

Part B


Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each of the numbered paragraphs(41-45).There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use.Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.

[A]Be silly

[B]Have fun

[C]Express your emotions

[D]Don't overthink it

[E]Be easily pleased

[F]Notice things

[G]Ask for help

As adults,it seems that we are constantly pursuing happiness,often with mixed results.Yet children appear to have it down to an art-and for the most part they don't need self-help books or therapy.instead,they look after their wellbeing instinctively,and usually more effectively than we do as grownups.Perhaps it's time to learn a few lessons from them.


What does a child do when he's sad? He cries.When he's angry?He shouts.Scared?Probably a bit of both.As we grow up,we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don't dictate our behaviours,which is in many ways a good thing.But too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions,especially negative ones.that's about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill.What we need to do is find a way to acknowledge and express what we feel appropriately, and then-again like children-move.


A couple of Christmases ago, my youngest stepdaughter, who was nine years old at the time, got a Superman T-shirt for Christmas. It cost less than a fiver but she was overjoyed, and couldn't stop talking about it.Too often we believe that a new job,bigger house or better car will be the magic silver bullet that will allow us to finally be content,but the reality is these things have very little lasting impact on our happiness levels. Instead, being grateful for small things every day is a much better way to improve wellbeing.


Have you ever noticed how much children laugh? If we adults could indulge in a bit of silliness and giggling, we would reduce the stress hormones in our bodies , increase good hormones like endorphins, improve blood flow to our hearts and even have a greater chance of fighting off enfection. All of which, of course, have a positive effect on happiness levels.


The problem with being a grown up is that there's an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with---work,mortgage payments,figuring out what to cook for dinner. But as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it's important that we schedule in time to enjoy the things we love.Those things might be social,sporting,creative or completely random(dancing aroud the living room,anyone?)--it doesn't matter,so long as they're enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects,such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you're on a tight budget.


Having said all of the above, it's important to add that we shouldn't try too hard to be happy.Scientists tell us this can backfire and actually have a negative impact on our wellbeing. As the Chinese philosopher Chuang Tzu is reported to have said:"Happiness is the absence of striving for happiness."And in that,once more,we need to look to the example of our children,to whom happiness is not a goal but a natural by product of the way they live.



41. C 表达情绪。开首以问句的要领:“孩子悲痛时会怎样?孩子生气时会若何?他们的表达要领与大人不合,成人更多会选择压制情绪,而且会有欠好的效果,好比致病。紧接着最后一句算是总结句:我们要找到一种合适的要领表达,像孩子那样。重点在那里?整段不离的中情谊思,重复的泛起那就是情绪的表达喽。选项为 C

42.E举例子的目的不外是为了证实不雅不雅点。然则从例子也是可以总结出想要表达的意思的。讲到一个小女孩由于一个克己的圣诞礼物便可以兴奋,而且很快活,就旨在讲小小的幸福。再来看看例子前面的不雅不雅点。提到成人的天下里所谓的车啊,房啊之类的貌似会让我们 幸福的器械着实否则。以是一个instead 直接把本段的中情谊思表达了出来,那就是幸福来自于小小的使命。对应选项E

43. A 一句话涌现在第二句。问句以后,假定我们能够“愚蠢“那么一点点,我们将会有种种利益,对纰谬。那么这一段简直大段的篇幅都花在这一句上了,主旨加倍显着那就是:去这样做吧。Be silly.

44.B 这一段讲到成人的天下里着实着实有太多让人懊末路的器械,But as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it's important that we schedule in time to enjoy the things we love 享用自己喜欢的器械也是很主要的。接上去举例子,种种详细事例诠释那些我们可以做的可以享用的使命,而且最后说出了他们的利益。早年往后一直再说我们应当抓紧,享用。以是啊,在剩下的可选择的选项中只需have funs较量合适了。

45.D 不要可以去想怎样才幸福,应用了哲人的一句话来诠释这个事理,旨在告诉人人当让是历程就是幸福的了。最后可以用扫除法。G追求赞助基本未提及。F 选项可以直接扫除。那么对应关系,来看看D 不要想太多。“无欲无求,本就是幸福啦。“事实选定D。

Section III Translation


Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

46. Directions:

Translate the following text into Chinese. Your translation should be written on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

The supermarket is designed to lure customers into spending as much time as possible within its doors. The reason for this is simple:The longer you stay in the store, the more stuff you'll see, and the more stuff you see, the more you'll buy. And supermarkets contain a lot of stuff. The average supermarket, according to the Food Marketing Institute, carries some 44,00 different items, and many carry tens of thousands more. The sheer volume of available choice is enough to send shoppers into a state of information overload. According to brain-scan experiments, the demands of so much decision-making quickly become too much for us. After about 40 minutes of shopping, most people stop struggling to be rationally selective, and instead begin shopping emotionally - which is the point at which we accumulate the 50 percent of stuff in our cart that we never intended buying.


Section IV Writing

Part A

Suppose you won a translation contest and your friend Jack wrote an email to congratulate you, and ask advice on translation. Write him a reply to

1)thank him;

2)give your advice.

You should write neatly on the ANWSER SHEET. Do not sign you own name at the end of the letter, use “Li Ming ” instead. Do not write the address .(10 point)


Dear Jack,

I’m writing to express my gratitude for your congratulation on my success in the translation contest.

As regard to my experience, I would like to offer you some proposals in this part. First and foremost, I strongly suggest you that you need to practice with painstaking effort in this field. What’s more, you had better have more communication with foreigners, which guarantees that you have a deep understanding of foreign culture. Last but not least, you are supposed to participate in some international events to accumulate a wealth of practical experience.

Thanks again and I do hope you could take my suggestions into consideration. I wish you have good luck and make a great success in your future study.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming




Suppose your cousin LI MING has just been admitted to a university write him/her a letter to:

(1)Congratulate him/her,and

(2)give him/her suggestions on how to get prepared for university life

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. DO not sign your own name at the end of the letter,Use zhangwei.



称谓: Dear Jack重视称谓中,前面的逗号弗成丢,也不克不及写成冒号。



第一段:写作内容需涵盖两点:写信目的,注解谢谢来自同伙的祝贺;可以接纳这样的表达要领:I’m writing to express my gratitude for your congratulation on my success in the translation contest.

第二段: 写作内容应以建议为主体。在这个历程当中可以把寻常我们若何前进的要领写进注释,好比多加演习、多与本国人交流,多多接触国际事务等。本篇师长教员主要从这些方面阻拦叙述,表达以下As regard to my experience, I would like to offer you some proposals in this part. First and foremost, I strongly suggest you that you need to practice with painstaking effort in this field. What’s more, you had better have more communication with foreigners, which guarantees that you have a deep understanding of foreign culture. Last but not least, you are supposed to participate in some international events to accumulate a wealth of practical experience.

第三段:再次强调重申写信目的,如Thanks again and I do hope you could take my suggestions into consideration. I wish you have good luck and make a great success in your future study.

题名: Yours sincerely, 特殊提醒sincerely前面逗号不克不及丢;署名: Li Ming特殊重视 Ming 前面一定不克不及泛起句点。

Part B


Write an essay based on the following chart. you should

1) interpret the chart and

2) give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points).



As is clearly reflected in the above pie chart, the purpose of students travelling abroad demonstrates obvious differences in one college of China. According to the data given, the purpose of enjoying the beautiful landscape takes a comparatively large share, accounting for 37%, while that of relieving pressure also takes away 20% of the whole proportion.

What triggers this phenomenon? It is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for this phenomenon. To start with, with the rapid economic development of economy, people, including college students, are becoming increasingly wealthy, which enables them to afford the once-deemed- expensive oversea traveling. In order to enjoy the charming landscape all around the world, a large proportion of students choose to travel abroad. What’s more, along with the ever-accelerating improvement of economy and society is also the ever-increasing work and life pressure. Consequently, the purpose of relieving pressure ranks the second among all the purposes for folks to travel around the world.

In view of the arguments above, we can conclude that the current phenomenon is of no surprise. And therefore, it can be predicted that admiring the scenery and alleviating pressure will still be the main purpose for people to arrange a traveling to other countries.


今年英语二作文的效果较量好写,由于效果和图示异常清晰明确。图表显示了某高校师长教员旅游目的查询会见, 考生剖析启事的话也会很质朴。下面分三段简要地说一下这三段应当怎样写。


第二段给出你的议论,主要写这类情形的启事。主要要联络图表形貌的内容从两个方面写起。一方面为甚么为了鉴赏风物而旅行的目的占37%, 此外一方面为甚么减缓压力会占到33%比例。