2016年考研英语一真题及谜底

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2016年考研英语一真题原文及谜底剖析完全版

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

In Cambodia, the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, __1 __ those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker. A young man can __2__a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to __3 __ the marriage negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection.__4__ , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. __5 __ a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying __6__ a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, __7__ by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and __8__ prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, __9__cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and __10__ a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the __11__ . Newlyseds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may __12__ with them up to a year, __13__they can build a new house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to __14__ ,but not common. Divoreced persons are __15__with some disapproval. Each spouse retains __16__ property he or she __17__ into the marriage, and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__ up: The divorced male doesn’t have a waiting period before he can remarry __20__ the woman must wait ten months.

1. [A] by way of [B] on behalf of [C] as well as [D] with regard to

[尺度谜底] [C] as well as

[考点剖析] 逻辑关系

[选项剖析] 由于考察逻辑关系,以是须要我们先对填绝后后的原文信息做定位剖析:空格处身处大情形not only…but also当中,这是一个显着的并列关系,体现“不只……而且……”,该空前面的those指代前文泛起的“parents and friends”,显着“the young man”与“the young woman”为并列关系,体现“与他自己和友人的怙恃同伙相关”,以是谜底只能是[C]项as well as 也,又。[A]项by way of 经由历程,[D]项with regard to 关于,[B]项on behalf of 代表。

2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C] compete with [D] decide on

[尺度谜底] [D] decide on

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义

[选项剖析] 凭证该句的主语a young man与宾语a likely spouse的关系,谜底只能是[D]项decide on“决议”,体现自己决议自己的妃耦。[B]项provide for为……供应准备……,provide为及物动词,直接跟宾语,不须要加介词;[C]项compete with“与……竞争”,[A]项adapt to“适用”。

3. [A] close [B] remew [C] arrange [D] postpone

[尺度谜底] [C] arrange

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] 该句意思为:他可以自己选择自己中意的友人并让怙恃_____婚姻谈判。四个选项中,[A]项close 关闭;[B]项renew 更新,恢复;[D]项postpone 推延;这三项语义不准确,只需[C]项arrange“部署”切合语境。

4. [A] Above all [B] In theory [C] In time [D] For example

[尺度谜底] [B] In theory

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义

[选项剖析] 逻辑断定题主若是看前后两句的寄义,前面说“他可以自己选择自己中意的友人并让怙恃部署婚姻谈判,或许完全由怙恃选择工具,不给孩子选择的时机。”空格前面说“女方可以否决她怙恃所选择的工具。”这两句之间显着是相反的关系,且有一个may,更证实[B]项In theory“现实上说”的准确性,而其他选项[A]项Above all最主要的是,[C]项In time 准时,[D]项For example举例,均不切合题意。

5. [A] Although [B] Lest [C] After [D] Unless

[尺度谜底] [C] After

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义

[选项剖析] 凭证下文“______a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other…”可知,只需工具选择好后,怙恃才会去视察对方,显着表达的是时间前后序次,以是只需after才对。其他选项[A]项Although 虽然, [B]项Lest 以阻拦,生怕,[D]Unless 除非,否则都不切合题意。

6. [A] into [B] within [C] from [D] through

[尺度谜底] [A] into

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及介词辨析

[选项剖析] 这里主若是看marry与相关介词的结实搭配及句意明确。这里marry into就是指“经由历程婚姻取得[成为]……的一员”,而其他选项均没有这层寄义。

7. [A] since [B] or [C] but [D] so

[尺度谜底] [C] but

[考点剖析] 逻辑关系

[选项剖析] 凭证上文“之前婚礼会一连三天”,出处句子意为“到了20世纪80年月,婚礼只一连一天半”,显着与前文发生改变,为较量关系,是以选择[C]项but 然则。

8. [A] copy [B] test [C] recite [D] create

[尺度谜底] [C] recite

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] 空格处须要填一个动词,和前面的prayers of blessing所搭配,[C]项recite 有“吟诵、朗诵”的意思,与所给短语搭配最为公正,译为“吟诵祝贺的祈祷文”。

9. [A] folding [B] piling [C] wrapping [D] tying

[尺度谜底] [D] tying

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] 本题须要凭证曲折文语义剖析,空格处须要搭配后文“棉线”,纵不雅不雅四个选项[A]项 折叠,[B]项 聚积,[C]项 包裹,[D]项 系上,凭证后文的“around the bride’s and groom’s wrists 在新郎和新娘的腰间”,只需[D]项“将在圣水中浸过的棉线系在新郎和新娘的腰间”切合句意。

10. [A] passing [B] lighting [C] hiding [D] serving

[尺度谜底] [A] passing

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] 原文空格须要填写一个动词与后文“around a circle”来搭配,译为“将烛炬传一圈”,故[A]项“转达”为准确选项。[B]项 点亮,[C]项 隐藏,[D]项 服务。

11. [A] meeting [B] collection [C] association [D] union

[尺度谜底] [D] union

[考点剖析] 名词辨析

[选项剖析] 本句语义为“将烛炬绕着幸福完婚和受人尊重的伉俪转达一圈来祝贺 ”,[D]项 联络,引申为“婚姻”之意;凭证语境,[D]项准确。

12. [A] grow [B] part [C] deal [D] live

[尺度谜底] [D] live

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] 本题较量质朴。凭证语义“凭证传统,新婚伉俪要搬到妻子怙恃家,与怙恃____一年”,[D]项“生涯”为最好谜底。[C]项 生意营业,[B]项 脱离,[A]项 生长。

13. [A] whereas [B] until [C] if [D] for

[尺度谜底] [B] until

[考点剖析] 时间逻辑关系

[选项剖析] 本句意为“_____他们在相近制造一栋新居子”,[A]项 可是,[B]项 直到,[D]项由于,[C]项 假定,联络前文“新婚伉俪凭证传统要和女方家人生涯一年”,前后存在一定的时间关系,[B]项“直到”最切合原文语境,搭配最为公正。

14. [A] avoid [B] follow [C] challenge [D] obtain

[尺度谜底] [D] obtain

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] Divorce is legal and relatively easy to __14__, but not common. 该句句意为“离异是正当的,且相对容易____。”[A]项avoid防止,[B]项follow追随,[C]项challenge寻衅,质疑,[D]项obtain取得,完成。凭证要害词“legal”可知这里表达的是正面的意思,再凭证句意选择[D]项。

15. [A] isolated [B] persuaded [C] viewed [D] exposed

[尺度谜底] [C] viewed

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词辨析

[选项剖析] Divorced persons are __15__ with some disapproval. 离异的人 一些不认可。本段第一句提到“离异是正当的且相对容易取得赞成,然则不有数。”这句现实上是在诠释离异着实不有数的启事,[A]项isolated伶仃,[B]项persuaded劝告,[C]项viewed看待,[D]项exposed接触,遭到……的影响,[C]项最切合句意。

16. [A] whereever [B] whatever [C] whenever [D] however

[尺度谜底] [B] whatever

[考点剖析] 关系代词辨析

[选项剖析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage. 17小题四个选项都是动词,以是该句意思为:伉俪双方保有家当,这个家当是他或她进婚姻的。联络[A]项 whereever“岂论何地;任何(地方)=any place where(定从)”;[B]项 whatever“岂论甚么;任何(器械)=anything that/any+N that”;[C]项 whenever岂论甚么时间;任甚么时间间=any time when;[D]项 however岂论若何;岂论何等。凭证语义,这里应当不是让步的关系,而且填的这个词还要能润饰property。是以,选择[B]项,即是retains any property that he or she……。

17. [A] changed [B] brought [C] shaped [D] pushed

[尺度谜底] [B] brought

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词义辨析

[选项剖析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage,联络[A]项 changed“改变”,[B]项 brought “带来”,[C]项 shaped“组成”,[D]项 pushed“推,强迫”。联络语境只需[B]项切合句意,意为“把家当带入婚姻”。

18. [A] invested [B] divided [C] donated [D] withdrawn

[尺度谜底] [B] divided

[考点剖析] 曲折文语义及动词义辨析

[选项剖析] ...and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. 联络[A]项invested投资;[B]项divided分配;脱离;[C]项donated 捐赠;[D]项withdrawn撤出,提取。凭证语义应当是配全家当被(伉俪双方)中分,是以选择[B]项。

19. [A] warms [B] clears [C] shows [D] breaks

[尺度谜底] [C] shows

[考点剖析] 动词结实搭配

[选项剖析] Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__up. 该句语义为离过婚的人或许会再婚,然则性别私见 。[A]项warm up加热,热身;[B]项clear up(天气)变晴,整理,扫除;[C]项show up浮现;[D]项break up决裂,脱离;凭证句意,选择[C]项。

20. [A] while [B] so that [C] once [D] in that

[尺度谜底] [A] while

[选项剖析] 曲折文语义

[考点剖析] 本句句意为:离异的男性再婚不须要期待期,女性必须等十个月。显着前后两句存在转机关系,只需[A]项while“可是”能够表达这个意思。

Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Part A

Text 1

France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways.

The parliament also agreed to ban websites that “incite excessive thinness” by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death - as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.

The bans, if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep — and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states: “We are aware of and take responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people.’ The charter’s main tool of enforcement is to deny access for designers and modeling agencies to Copenhagen Fashion Week, which is run by the Danish Fashion Institute. But in general it relies on a name-and-shame method of compliance.

Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.

21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?

[A] Physical beauty would be redefined.

[B] New runways would be constructed.

[C] Websites about dieting would thrive.

[D] The fashion industry would decline.

【谜底】 [A] Physical beauty would be redefined

【剖析】 揣摸题。凭证France定位到文章前两段,第一段讲法国决准古装业掉落去了界说(define)形体美(physical beauty)的相对权力。法国的立法者经由历程了一项司法,招聘超瘦的模特属于犯罪,议会也榨取网站经由历程推许极端节食“鼓舞太过瘦削”。第二段第二句提到“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. 他们建议漂亮不应该以风险身段安康为价值的外貌来界定。”由此可知,法国经由历程立法手段来改变法国古装业模特超瘦的现状,即[A]项的“形体美将会被重新界说”,是对原文内容的公正揣摸。[B]项“将会制造新的舞台”,[C]项“有要害食的网站将会兴起”,[D]项“古装业将会衰退”,均不克不及从文中推想出来,属于“生事生非”。

22. The phrase “impinging on” (Line 2, Para 2) is closest in meaning to____

[A] heightening the value of.

[B] indicating the state of.

[C] losing faith in.

[D] doing harm to.

【谜底】 [D] doing harm to

【剖析】猜词题。定位到第二段第二句“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. 他们建议漂亮不应该以 身段安康为价值的外貌来界定。”impinging on前面的宾语为“health”,即对安康的某种影响。凭证第二段第三句“对超瘦模特的禁令似乎不只仅是在防止模特受饿致去世——正如曾有人这么做过的”,可见法国现在的对漂亮的界说招致了有人为了保持身段,受饿致去世,是以推想出这一短语在这里的意思为“侵占,风险”,[D]项“对……有害”准确。[A]项“增强了……的价值”,[B]项“反映了……的状态”,[C]项“对……掉落去信心”均不切合句意。

23. Which of the following is true of the fashion industry?

[A] The French measures have already failed.

[B] New standards are being set in Denmark.

[C] Model are no longer under peer pressure.

[D] Its inherent problems are getting worse.

【谜底】 [B] New Standards are being set in Denmark

【剖析】细节题。凭证第五段第二句话“In Denmark,...it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion... 在丹麦,它正考试考试为模特设定自愿的尺度……”,可知[B]项“在丹麦新的尺度正在被设定”是对原文的同义替换。[A]项“法国的措施掉落败了”;[C]项“不再有来自同业执法的压力”,文章第五段第二句后半句提到“images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement”,属于“正反混淆”;[D]项“它固有的效果变得更严重了”,文中第五段只提及古装业有固有的效果,并未提及“变得更严重”,属于“生事生非”。

24. A designer is most likely to be rejected by CFW for ____

[A] setting a high age threshold for models.

[B] caring too much about models’ character.

[C] showing little concern for health factors.

[D] pursuing perfect physical conditions.

【谜底】 [C] showing little concern for health factors

【剖析】揣摸题。题设为“一个设计师很能够由于甚么启事被CFW拒绝”,凭证要害词CFW可回到文中定位至倒数第二段,该段提到丹麦的时髦界就有关模特的年岁、安康及其他特点的内容杀青不合看法,且一项新法案也明确划定,他们曾经熟悉到时髦界关于人们特殊是年轻人的身段安康所带来的影响,而且应当对此承当义务,这一概例的推行要领就是拒绝一些设计师和模特经纪机构加入哥本哈根古装周(CFW)。是以[C]项的“不眷注安康因素”切合题意,为准确谜底。[D]项“追求完善的身段状态”,[B]项的“过量关注模特的性格”,[A]项“设定了一个模特高龄门槛”,均不切合题意。

25. Which of the following may be the best title of the text?

[A] The Great Threats to the Fashion Industry

[B] Just Another Round of Struggle for Beauty

[C] A Dilemma for the Starving Models in France

[D] A Challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

【谜底】 [D] A challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

【剖析】主旨题。本文从首段就泉源叙述法国经由历程立法榨取招聘超瘦的模特,古装业曾经掉落去了界说女性身段之美的相对权力,且议会也榨取网站经由历程宣传太过节食来强调太过瘦削。第二段一连诠释漂亮不克不及只看外貌,更不克不及以殉国安康为价值,古装业应当为转达给女性的不良信息担负。第三段诠释女性不应让他人来评判自己的漂亮。第四段讲法国的措施更多的是依附严酷的处罚。最后三段提到了丹麦与法国截然不合的措施。纵不雅不雅全文,文章主要在讲各个国家对处置赏罚赏罚现在模特超瘦的现状的措施,是以[D]项的“对古装业身段尺度的寻衅”是对原文的“高度归纳综合”。

Text 2

For the first time in history, more people live in towns than in the county. In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons rate “the countryside” alongside the royal firmly, Shakespeare and the National Health Service (NHS) as what makes them proudest of their country, this has limited political support.

A century ago Octavia Hill launched the National Trust not to rescue stylish houses but to save “the beauty of natural places for everyone forever.” It was specifically to provide city dwellers with spaces for leisure where they could experience “a refreshing air.” Hill’s pressure later led to the creation of national parks and green belts. They don’t make countryside any more, and every year concrete consumes more of it. It needs constant guardianship.

At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The conservatives’ planning reform explicitly gives rural development priori over conservation, even authorizing “off-plan” building where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The Liberal Democrats are silent. Only Ukip, sensing its chance, has sided with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land. Its Campaign to Protect Rural England struck terror into many local Conservative parties.

The sensible place to build new houses, factories and offices is where people are.in cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents Stirling Ackroyd recently identified enough sites for half a million houses in the London area alone, no intrusion on green belt. What is true of London is even truer of the provinces.

The idea that “housing crisis” equals “concreted meadows” is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more house but, as always, where to put them. Under lobby pressure, George Osborne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town shopping sites against. high streets. This is not a free market but a biased one. Rural towns and villages have growl and will always grow. They do so best where building sticks to their edges and respects their character. We do not ruin urban conservation areas. Why ruin rural ones?

Development should be planned .not let rip. After the Netherlands, Britain is Europe’s most crowded country. Half a century of town and country planning has enabled it to retain an enviable rural coherence, while still permitting low-density urban living. there is no doubt of the alternative - the corrupted landscapes of southern Portugal Spain or Ireland avoiding this rather than promoting it should unite left and right of the political spectrum.

26. Britain’s public sentiment about the countryside

[A] didn’t start till the Shakespearean age.

[B] has brought much benefit to the NHS.

[C] is fully backed by the royal family.

[D] is not well reflected in politics.

【谜底】 [D] is not well reflected in politics

【剖析】细节题。凭证题干回到原文准一定位到首段最后一句:“可是夷易近意查询会见显示英国人把墟落与皇室家族、莎士比亚和国家医疗服务系统一起视为使他们为自己国家以为最自满的事物,这具有没无限的政治支持”,该句中的polls“夷易近意查询会见“对应题干中的public sentiment,“this has limited political support”对应[D]项“is not well reflected in politics”,意为“在政治上没有取得很好的回声”,是对原文的同义替换。[B]项“给国家医疗服务系统带了了许多利益”,[A]项“直到莎士比亚时代才泉源”,[C]项“取得了皇室家族的全力支持”,文章均未提及,属于“生事生非”。

27. According to Paragraph 2, the achievements of the National Trust are now being

[A] gradually destroyed.

[B] effectively reinforced..

[C] properly protected.

[D] largely overshadowed.

【谜底】 [D] largely overshadowed

【剖析】细节题。凭证题干中的the National Trust定位到第二段首句。第二段首句提到这一项目的目的是为每小我永世生涯自然地域的漂亮。再凭证第二段的第三句“Hill的项目创作缔造出国家公园和绿地。他们不再制造墟落了,而且每年钢筋混凝土消耗的墟落愈来愈多。墟落须要耐久的掩护”。可知其时的项目取得的成就曾经不再施展影响,[D]项“被大大夺去了残暴(即掉落去了影响力)”为准确选项。[A]项“被徐徐破损”,[B]项“被有用地增强了”,[C]项“被公正地掩护”,均不切合题意。

28. Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 3?

[A] Labour is under attack for opposing development

[B] The Conservatives may abandon “off-plan” building.

[C] The Liberal Democrats are losing political influence.

[D] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation.

【谜底】 [D] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

【剖析】揣摸题。凭证题干定位到第三段。第二段提到墟落亟待掩护,第三段首句提到在接上去的选举中似乎没有一个大的政党支持这类(夷易近众)情绪。第六七句提到:只需Ukip熟悉到那时机,支持那些请求在应用绿地上有更周全的措施的人,它提议的“掩护英国墟落”的运动使许多当地的守旧党以为恐怖。可见Ukip的做法切合夷易近众情绪,会是以获益。[A]项的“Ukip能够因支持掩护墟落而获益”是对原文的同义替换。

29. The author holds that George Osborne’s preference

[A] reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas.

[B] shows his disregard for the character of rural areas.

[C] stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis.

[D] highlights his firm stand i against lobby Pressure.

【谜底】[B] shows his disregard for the character of rural areas

【剖析】 细节题。凭证要害词George Osborne定位至第五段,第五段第二句提到Osborne支持墟落新建室庐否决都市刷新和重修,支持郊区购物场所否决都市谈业街。由此可知Osborne的是支持都市掩护,否决墟落掩护。接上去几句作者表达了自己的不雅不雅点:这不是一个自在的市场而是一个有私见的市场。接着提到:墟落的小镇和墟落曾经取得生长并将一连生长,它们在修建保持界线和尊重它们的特点方面做的异常好,我们没有破损都市受掩护的区域,为甚么要破损墟落的呢?可见Osborne的不雅不雅点只强调都市,忽视了墟落,[B]项“注解他对墟落区域特点的忽视”切合文意,为准确选项。[A]项“提醒出对城郊区域的强烈私见”,Osborne看重都市否决墟落,与文意相悖;[C]项“强调了减缓住房压力的须要性”,[D]项“凹陷了他否决游说团压力的坚决态度”,文中并未提及,属于“生事生非”。

30. In the last paragraph, the author shows his appreciation of

[A] the size of population in Britain.

[B] the enviable urban lifestyle in Britain.

[C] the town-and-country planning in Britain.

[D]the political life in today’s Britain.

【谜底】 [C] the town-and-country planning in Britain

【剖析】 细节题。凭证题干定位到最后一段第二句:“Half a century of town and country planning has enabled it to retain an enviable rural coherence, while still permitting low-density urban living.”,[C]项的“the town-and-country planning in Britain”是对原文的同义替换,为准确选项。[A]项“英国生齿的规模”,[B]项“英国令人恋慕的都市生涯要领”,[D]项“当今英国的政治生涯”,均不切合题意。

Text 3

“There is one and only one social responsibility of businesses,” wrote Milton Friedman, a Nobel prize-winning economist, “That is, to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits.” But even if you accept Firedman’s premise and regard corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies as a waste of shareholders’ money, things may not be absolutely clear-cut. New research suggests that CSR may create monetary value for companies-at least when they are prosecuted for corruption.

The largest firms in America and Britain together spend more than $ 15 billion a year on CSR, according to an estimate by EPG, a consulting firm. This could add value to their businesses in three ways. First, consumers may take CSR spending as a “signal” that a company’s products are of high quality. Second, customers may be willing to buy a company’s products as an indirect way to donate to the good causes it helps. And third, through a more diffuse “halo effect,” whereby its good deeds earn it greater consideration from consumers and others.

Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three. A recent study attempts to separate them by looking at bribery prosecutions under America’s Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). It argues that since prosecutors do not consume a company’s products as part of their investigations, they could be influenced only by the halo effect.

The study found that, among prosecuted firms, those with the most comprehensive CSR programmes tended to get more lenient penalties. Their analysis ruled out the possibility that it was firms’ political influence, rather than their CSR stand, that accounted for the leniency: Companies that contributed more to political campaigns did not receive lower fines.

In all, the study concludes that whereas prosecutors should only evaluate a case based on its merits, they do seem to be influenced by a company’s record in CSR. “We estimate that either eliminating a substantial labour-rights concern, such as child labour or increasing corpora giving by about 20% results in fines that generally are 40% lower than the typical punishment for briding foreign officials,” says one researcher.

Researchers admit that their study does not answer the question of how much businesses ought to spend on CSR. Nor does it reveal how much companies are banking on the halo effect rather than the other possible benefits, when they decide their do-gooding policies. But at least they have demonstrated that when companies get into trouble with the law, evidence of good character can win them a less costly punishment.

31. The author views Milton Friedman’s statement about CSR with

[A] tolerance

[B] skepticism

[C] uncertainty

[D] approval

【谜底】[B]

【剖析】不雅不雅点态度题。题干问的是作者对有关CSR方面Milton Friedman的说法是甚么态度。凭证旌旗暗记词Milton Friedman这小我定位到首段。重视题干问的是作者的看法,是以定位到第二句but转机处。But后句子的主干为:things may not be absolutely clear-cut,可见作者对Milton Friedman所说的内容着实不完全赞成,故选择谜底[B]项嫌疑。[A]项容忍,[C]项不愿定,[D]项赞成,这三项均不是作者的态度,故扫除。

32. According to Paragraph 2, CSR helps a company by

[A] winning trust from consumers.

[B] guarding it against malpractices.

[C] protecting it from being defamed.

[D] raising the quality of its products.

【谜底】[A]

【剖析】细节题。凭证题干中的出处提醒“Paragraph 2”定位到第二段第二句:This could add value to their businesses in three ways. This指的是CSR,凭证接上去讲到的三点:第一点是,破费者以为这样的公司产物德量较量高;第二点是,主顾更宁愿购置这样公司的产物;第三点是,经由历程一个越发普遍的“晕轮效应”,破费者会更多地推敲这样的公司的产物。可知,有CSR支出的公司会吸引更多的破费者,[A]项“博得破费者的信托”,是对所有三点的总结,故为准确谜底。[B]项 防止公司里的玩忽职守,[C]项 掩护公司免受离间,[D]项 提升公司产物的质量,均在原文中未提及,故扫除。

33. The expression “more lenient’ (Line 2, Para. 4) is closest in meaning to

[A] more effective

[B] less controversial

[C] less severe

[D] more lasting

【谜底】[C]

【剖析】猜词题。凭证题干中的出处提醒“line 2, para. 4”及旌旗暗记词“more lenient”定位到原文中的第四段第一句:The study found that...penalties。显着此句中more lenient 润饰 penalties(处罚) ,要想推想出more lenient的寄义,须要知道原起诉的公司中,那些有着周全的CSR项目的公司和penalties 之间的联系。本项在第五段的最后一句最容易被看出来,第五段最后一句提到那些在CSR有较大投资的公司,当原起诉有行贿行动时,所遭到的罚金要比通常的罚金低40%左右,可知这样的公司会遭到较轻的处罚,故more lenient是较轻,即较不严重的意思,故选[C]项。[A]项 更有用的,[B]项 较少有争议的,[D]项 更耐久的,这三项均不是more lenient的意思,故扫除。

34. When prosecutors evaluate a case, a company’s CSR record

[A] has an impact on their decision.

[B] comes across as reliable evidence.

[C] increases the chance of being penalized.

[D] constitutes part of the investigation.

【谜底】[A]

【剖析】细节题。题干问的是 CSR record 与 prosecutors evaluate a case 的关系,凭证题干中的旌旗暗记词prosecutors evaluate a case可回文中定位到第五段第一句:In all...in CSR。这里的be influenced与[A]项 has an impact 对应,即一个公司的CSR会影响审查官对其案件的评价,故选[A]项。[B]项被审查官以为是可靠的证据,[C]项 增添了被处罚的时机,[D]项 组成了查询会见的一部门,这三项均在原文中没有提及,故扫除。

35. Which of the following is true of CSR, according to the last paragraph?

[A] Its negative effects on businesses are often overlooked.

[B] The necessary amount of companies’ spending on it is unknown.

[C] Companies’ financial capacity for it has been overestimated.

[D] It has brought much benefit to the banking industry.

【谜底】[B]

【剖析】断定题题干问的是凭证最后一段,有关CSR的叙述哪个是对的。定位到原文最后一段,凭证其内容可知“研究职员认可到其研究没有回复以下效果:公司应当在CSR方面破费若干钱”。[B]项的意思是“公司在CSR方面的破费是未知的”,属于原文的同义替换,故准确。[A]项 CSR对公司的负面影响经常被忽视,[C]项 公司对CSR的经济承当力被太高预计了,[D]项 CSR给银行业带来了许多利益,这三项在文中均为提及,故扫除。

Text 4

There will eventually come a day when The New York Times ceases to publish stories on newsprint. Exactly when that day will be is a matter of debate. “Sometime in the future,” the paper’s publisher said back in 2010.

Nostalgia for ink on paper and the rustle of pages aside, there’s plenty of incentive to ditch print. The infrastructure required to make a physical newspaper-printing presses, delivery trucks — isn’t just expensive; it’s excessive at a time when online-only competitors don’t have the same set of financial constraints. Readers are migrating away from print anyway. And though print and sales still dwarf their online and mobile counterparts, revenue from print is still declining.

Overhead may be high and circulation lower, but risking to eliminate its print edition would be a mistake, says BuzzFeed CEO Jonah Pere.

Peretti says the Times shouldn’t waste time getting out of the print business, but only if they go about do, it the right way. “Figuring out a way to accelerate that transition would make sense for them,” he said, “but if you discontinue it, you’re going to have your most loyal customers really upset with you.”

Sometimes that’s worth making a change anyway. Peretti gives the example of Netflix discontinuing its DVD-mailing service to focus on streaming. “It was seen as a blunder,” he said. The move turned out to be foresighted. And if Peretti were in charge at the Times? “I wouldn’t pick a year to end print,” he said. “I would raise prices and make it into more of a legacy product.”

The most loyal customers would still get the product they favor, the idea goes, and they’d feel like they were helping sustain the quality of something they believe in. “So if you are overpaying for print, you could feel like you were helping,” Peretti said, “Then increase it at a higher rate each year and essentially try to generate additional revenue.” In other words, if you’re going to make a print product, make it for the people who are already obsessed with it, Which may be what the Times is doing already. Getting the print edition seven days a week costs nearly $500 a year — more than twice as much as a digital-only subscription.

“It’s a really hard thing to do and it’s a tremendous luxury that BuzzFeed doesn’t have a legacy business,” Peretti remarked. “But we’re going to have questions like that where we have things we’re doing that don’t make sense when the market changes and the world changes. In those situations, it’s better to be more aggressive than less aggressive.”

36. The New York Times is considering ending it’s print edition partly due to

[A] the pressure form its investors

[B] the complaints from its readers

[C] the high cost of operation

[D] the increasing online ad sales.

【谜底】[C]

【剖析】细节题。题干问的是《纽约时报》推敲阻拦纸质版新闻印刷出书的启事是甚么。文章首段首句即是此内容的同义表达,第二段诠释详细启事,第二句:The infrastructure...isn’t just expensive; it’s excessive at a time when online-only competitors don’t have the same set of financial constraints. 意思是纸质印刷所请求的基础行动措施不只仅贵而且多余,由于他们的群集竞争对手没有这样的经济上的限制。[C]项“运转的高资源”是对原文内容的总结,故准确。[A]项 来自于投资者的压力,[B]项 来自于读者的赞赏,[D]项 群集告鹤发卖的增添,这三项在文中均未提及,故扫除。

37.Peretti suggests that.in face of the present situation, the Times should

[A] make strategic adjustments

[B] end the print edition for good

[C] seek new sources of readership

[D] aim for efficient management

【谜底】[A]

【剖析】细节题。题干问的是:面临现在的形式,Peretti建议《纽约时报》怎样做。凭证旌旗暗记词Peretti回原文中定位至第四段,首句内容是Peretti说《纽约时报》不应铺张时间去想着若何阻拦纸质印刷,而应当找到一种准确的措施行止置赏罚这件事。接着第二句Peretti说找到一种要领来促进这类改变会对他们来讲有用处。可知Peretti以为《纽约时报》应算作出一些改变而非阻拦纸质版的刊行,[A]项“做出战略上的调剂”是对原文的同义转述,故准确。[B]项 永世阻拦纸质版,与原文意思相反,故扫除;[C]项 追求新的读者资源,[D]项 以高效的治理为目的,在原文中未提及,故扫除。

38.It can be inferred front Paragraphs 5 and 6 that a “legacy product”

[A] will have the cost of printing reduced.

[B] is meant for the most loyal customers.

[C] helps restore the glory of former times.

[D] expands the popularity of the paper.

【谜底】[B]

【题型】揣摸题。

【剖析】题干意思为:从第五、六段可以揣摸出“传承产物” 。凭证旌旗暗记词legacy product定位到第五段最后一句:I would raise prices and make it into more of a legacy product.不只需前进价钱还要将它酿成一种遗留品。单单这一句缺乏以做出选择,须要一连往下看在第六段中有没有关于这个词的诠释。第六段开首提到了他以为大部门忠诚的破费者照旧会保持购置他们喜欢的产物,而且他们会以为是在赞助保持他们所信托的产物的质量。可见Peretti以为忠诚的购置者不会有改变,假定可以每年增添一些比例,那么照旧是可以创收的。紧接着泛起了in other worlds(换句话说),假定我们要做这些print product(印刷产物),那就为那些曾经痴迷于他们的人而做吧。[B]项“是为多数忠诚的主顾设计的”,是对原文内容的同义替换,为准确谜底。[A]项 会降低印刷资源,[C]项 重修以往的庆幸,[D]项 扩大报纸的受迎接水平,这三项均在文中未提及,故扫除。

39. Peretti believes that in a changing world,

[A] traditional luxuries can stay unaffected.

[B] aggressiveness better meets challenges.

[C] cautiousness facilitates problem-solving.

[D] legacy businesses are becoming outdated.

【谜底】[B]

【题型】细节题。

【剖析】题干以为:Peretti以为,在一个变换的天下里 。凭证旌旗暗记词Peretti和changing world可回文中定位到文章最后一段,由最后一段可知Peretti以为在市场在变换、天下在变换的情形中,更有朝前途步心是更好的。[B]项“朝前途步精神可以更好地迎接寻衅”,本项是对原文的同义转述,故准确。[A]项 传统的奢侈品不会遭到影响,在文中未提及,故扫除;[C]项 审慎当心促进效果的处置赏罚赏罚,与原文意思相反,故扫除;[D]项 传统家当正在变得过时,在文中未提及,故扫除。

40 . Which of the following would be the best title of the text

[A] Make Your Print Newspaper a Luxury Good

[B] Keep Your Newspaper Forever in Fashion

[C] Cherish the Newspaper Still in Your Hand

[D] Shift to Online Newspapers All at Once

【谜底】[A]

【题型】主旨题。

【剖析】全文由《纽约时报》纸质版终有一天会见临开张的危急引出话题,重点叙述Peretti对尔效果的看法:《纽约时报》纸质版应当推敲转型——为大部门忠诚的主顾供应遗留品。前面接着叙述了若何将《纽约时报》做成这类专为忠诚的主顾制造的低价遗留品。[A]项“将你的印刷报纸做成一个奢侈品”,a luxury good是对原文中提到的低价“legacy product”的同义转述,故准确。B.一直保持你的报纸时髦前沿,[C]项 珍爱你手中依然具有的报纸,[D]项 急速转向群集在线报纸,均不是本文要的主旨,故扫除。

Part B

Directions:

Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each of the numbered paragraphs(41-45). There are two extra subheadings. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.

[A] Create a new image of yourself

[B] Decide if the time is right

[C] Have confidence in yourself

[D] Understand the context

[E] Work with professionals

[F] Know your goals

[G] Make it efficient

No matter how formal or informal the work environment, the way you present yourself has an impact. This is especially true in fast impressions. According to research from Princeton University, people assess your competence, trustworthiness, and likeability in just a tenth of a second, solely based on the way you look.

The difference between today’s workplace and the “dress for success” era is that the range of options is so much broader. Norms have evolved and fragmented. In some settings, red sneakers or dress T-shirts can convey status; in others not so much. Plus, whatever image we present is magnified by social-media services like LinkedIn. Chances are, your headshots are seen much more often now than a decade or two ago. Millennials, it seems , face the paradox of being the least formal generation yet the most conscious of style and personal branding. It can be confusing.

So how do we navigate this? How do we know when to invest in an upgrade? And what’s the best way to pull off one that enhances our goals? Here are some tips:

41_________________

As an executive coach, I’ve seen image upgrades be particularly helpful during transitions-when looking for a new job, stepping into a new or more public role, or changing work environments. If you’re in a period of change or just feeling stuck and in a rut, now may be a good time. If you’re not sure, ask for honest feedback from trusted friends, colleagues and professionals. Look for cues about how others perceive you. Maybe there’s no need for an upgrade and that’s OK.

【谜底】[B]

【剖析】此段第一句话主句外面说“在过渡的阶段提升自我笼统特殊有用”。第二句和第3、四句划分睁开诠释,第二句注解:假定你处在更改的时代或许感应须要更改,那么能够这能够是一个好的时机。相反,第3、四句话体现:假定不愿定的话,就须要取得他人的反映了,或许无需提升。故整段的意思是说要先一定能否现在是提升自我笼统的准确时机。故谜底为[B]项。

42.__________________

Get clear on what impact you’re hoping to have. Are you looking to refresh your image or pivot it? For one person, the goal may be to be taken more seriously and enhance their professional image. For another, it may be to be perceived as more approachable, or more modern and stylish. For someone moving from finance to advertising, maybe they want to look more “SoHo.”(It’s OK to use characterizations like that.)

【谜底】[F]

【剖析】此段中央句即第一句话,注解“要清晰你想要的效果或影响”。着实就是你想要的目的。紧接着泉源诠释,提到好比,你能否想要更新你的笼统?那么,关于一小我来讲,这个目的能够是要变得严肃些或许要增强专业的笼统。关于其他人,这个目的能够是要变得更夷易近夷易近,或许是更现代化、更时髦。关于那些要从金融转到广告的,他们能够得看起来更“SOHO”。可见整段都在讲目的,[F]项中的“goal”与之对应,故为谜底。

43.____________________

Look at your work environment like an anthropologist. What are the norms of your environment? What conveys status? Who are your most important audiences? How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves? The better you understand te cultural context, the more control you can have over your impact.

【谜底】[D]

【剖析】本段主要叙述的内容是要不雅不雅察你的使命情形,认清情形中的尺度,而且最后一句说你对周围的文明情形明确得越清晰,你越能控制你的影响。可知本段主要就是说要明确周围的情形,故选[D]项。

44._____________________

Enlist the support of professionals and share with them your goals and context. Hire a personal stylist, or use the free styling service of a store like. Crew. Try a hair stylist instead of a barber. Work with a professional photographer instead of your spouse or friend. It’s not as expensive as you might think.

【谜底】[E]

【剖析】本段第一句提到:要取得专家的支持,和他们分享你的目的和周围情形,前面又提到可以雇佣外型师、摄影师等等,可见本段主要讲的就是咨询专家的看法、和专家协作,故选[E]项。

45_____________________

The point of a style upgrade isn’t to become more vain or to spend more time excessing over what to wear. Instead, use it as an opportunity to reduce decision fatigue. Pick a standard work uniform or a few go-to options. Buy all your clothes …. once with a stylist instead of shopping alone, one article of clothing at a time.

【谜底】[G]

【剖析】此段第二句句首泛起instead,这类转机连词前面经常是作者要表述的主要内容。该句讲的是“最好是将笼统升级算作是增添决议疲劳的时机”,即增添做决议,紧接着提到“拔取一套尺度的使命服或几个其他的选择。和外型师一起把衣服一会儿都买了,而不是一小我购置,或许一次只买一件”。这些提到的都是要有用力。故选[G]项。

Part C

Directions:

Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese .You translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEKT. (10 points)

Mental health is our birthright. (46) We don’t have to learn how to be mentally healthy ;it it built into us that our bodies know how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone. Mental health can’t be learned, only reawakened. It is like the immune system of the body, which under stress or through lack of nutrition or exercise can be weakened, but which never leaves us. When we don't understand the value of mental health and we don't know how to gain access to it, mental health will remain hidden from us. (47) Our mental health doesn’t really go anywhere; like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant.

Mental health is the seed that contains self-esteem - confidence in ourselves and an ability to trust in our common sense. It allows us to have perspective on our lives - the ability to not take ourselves too seriously, to laugh at ourselves, to see the bigger picture, and to see that things will work out. It’s a form of innate or unlearned optimism. (48) Mental health allows us to view others with sympathy if they are having troubles ,with kindness if they are in pain,and with unconditional love no matter who they are. Mental health is the source of creativity for soving problems, resolving conflict, making our surroundings more beautiful,managing our home life, or coming up with a creative business idea or invention to make our lives easier. It gives us patience for ourselves and toward others as well as patience while driving,catching a fish,working on our car,or raising a child. It allows us to see the beauty that surrounds us each moment in nature,in culture,in the flow of our daily lives.

(49) Although mental health is the cure-all for living our lives,it is perfectly ordinary as you will see that it has been there to direct you through all your difficult decisions.It has been available even in the most mundane of life situations to show you right from wrong,good from bad,friend from foe.Mental health has commonly been called conscience,instinct,wisdom,common sense,or the inner voice.We think of it simply as a healthy and helpful flow of intelligent thought .(50) As you will come to see ,knowing that mental heath is always available and knowing to trust it allow us to slow down to the moment and live life happily.

46. We don’t have to learn how to be mentally healthy; it is built into us in the same way that our bodies know how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone.

【句子结构】此句中分号毗连了两个并列句。第一个句子中how to be mentally healthy作learn的宾语。第二个句子主干是it is built into us,in the same way指导状语从句诠释built into us的要领,that指导定语从句润饰way,其中定语从句中how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone作know的宾语。

【参考译文】我们无需锐意去学习怎样才干让心思安康;它正如我们的身段知道怎样愈合伤口和修复骨折一样,是根植于我们体内的/是我们与生俱来的才干。

47. Our mental health doesn’t really go anywhere; like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant.

【句子结构】此句中分号毗连了两个并列句。第一个句子是质朴句,第二个句子中,like the sun behind a cloud是状语,but毗连两个转机关系的并列分句,在翻译时要重视be hidden from和be capable of的自动语态的翻译措施。

【参考译文】我们的心思安康着实不是真的消掉落不见;就像云朵眼前的太阳,它或许暂时被遮挡,然则它也能够或许在瞬间重焕光线。

48. Mental health allows us to view others with sympathy if they are having troubles, with kindness if they are in pain, and with unconditional love no matter who they are.

【句子结构】该句主干是Mental health allows us to view others,三个并列with指导的介词短语做状语,前两个with指导的状语中各网罗一个if指导的条件状语从句,最后一个with状语中网罗一个no matter指导的让步状语从句。

【参考译文】心思安康使我们在他人遇到费事时给予同情,在他人凄凉时心存盛意,而且岂论对方是谁都邑给予无条件的关爱。

49. Although mental health is the cure-all for living our lives, it is perfectly ordinary as you will see that it has been there to direct you through all your difficult decisions.

【句子结构】本题有一个由although指导的让步状语从句,as指导的启事状语从句,和that指导的宾语从句组成。此处“mental health”若是翻译居心思安康与下文毗连,则不切合中文表达习气,又因mental自己与智力相关,以是将其翻译成“安康的心智”;此外“perfectly ordinary”可以正译,译为“异常普遍”,本译文接纳正话反说的要领,译为“着实不希奇”。“difficult decisions”若翻译为“艰辛的决议”,不切合中文的表达要领,以是将decision,名词译为动词“做决议”。

【参考译文】虽然具有安康的心智是我们生涯中的万能药,但它着实不希奇,你会发现在你难以做决准时,它一直在指引着你。

50. As you will come to see, knowing that mental health is always available and knowing to trust it allow us to slow down to the moment and live life happily.

【句子结构】该句由as指导的定语从句,that指导的宾语从句组成,而且考察代词“it”。“see”在该句中是“明确”而不是“看到”的意思,前后的knowing可合并翻译;“available”本意“可取得的”,该句中意译为“一直存在的”。

【参考译文】你会徐徐明确到,明确安康的心智会一直存在,而且坚信这一点,那么现在我们便可以加速生涯节奏,快活地生涯。

Section III Writing

Part A

Directions:

Suppose you are a librarian in your university. Write a notice of about 100 words, providing the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library.

You should write neatly on the ANWSER SHEET.

Do not sign you own name at the end of the letter, use “Li Ming ” instead.

Do not write the address .(10 points)

【范文】

Notice

August 20, 2015

To ensure students from overseas to be acquainted with the service of library in Beijing University, we write this notice to inform you of some relevant information about our library.

To begin with, our library provides a large amount of books and materials covering not only most majors and subjects, but also many extra-curricular reading materials, thus satisfying all your reading requirements. Furthermore, the library opens during the week time, each day from 9:00am to10:00pm. Last but not least, only students enrolled in this university and with a special Library Card are allowed to enter our library.

Anyone interested in studying or reading in our library should sign up before August 31, and the Library Card will be issued within a week.

Library of Beijing University

【剖析】

今年英语(一)的小作文,再一次考察到了告诉。在英语(一)的考试中,告诉曾经考察过1次。例如2010年英语(一)就考察过代表研究生会写一篇为国际聚会聚会会议招募自愿者的告诉,而且2015年英语(二)考察的也是招募自愿者的告诉。

同是以图书馆为写作配景,在2007年英语(一)的建议信中也曾经考察过,以是相关表达在课堂上都曾经触及过。是以,只需凭证2010年告诉的名堂,再联络2007年建议信的相关内容,便可以很轻松的写出2016年的小作文。这就提醒我们2017届的同砚们要高度看重历年真题,由于考过的话题或是应用性随笔会重复考察。

接上去,我们来详细解读今年的小作文。首先看一下效果请求:

Suppose you are a librarian in your university. Write a notice of about 100 words, providing the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library.

小作文,即A节作文的评分着重点在于:1. 名堂和语域的适当性;2. 信息点的笼罩面;3. 内容的组织;4. 语言的准确性。

在这里,我们主要从名堂和内容两方面来剖析此文。首先,从名堂下去说,告诉的名堂网罗四大部门:

1、效果,告诉请求必须有用果,可以直接用Notice做效果,重视首字母大写,且效果要居中;

2、时间,告诉的时间请求在题眼前目今方第二行,凭证日月年的序次来写,重视月与年之间要有逗号,且时间要靠右对齐;

3、注释,告诉注释请求首段缩进四个字符,不请求一定分段,但为了内容条理清晰,建议分三段为好。

4、题名,题名即宣书记诉的单元,此处须要特殊重视,凭证效果标请求,考生是代表图书馆写的告诉,以是题名应当是某某图书馆,而非Li Ming自己。

另外,从内容下去看,作为一名图书治理员,要向师长教员简介黉舍的图书馆,着实可以简介的内容尚有许多,好比图书馆的藏书、图书馆的开放时间、入馆请求等等。以是内容部门对人人来讲应当也不是难事,详细内容可以参考如上范文。

Part B

Directions:

Write an essay of 160—200 words based on the following picture.in your essay, you should

1. describe the pictures briefly,

2. interpret its intended meaning, and

3. give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET . (20 points)

【范文】

What is symbolically depicted in the caricatures carries sharp contrast implications. In the first drawing, a father is watching a football match on the sofa. Meanwhile, he is supervising his son to finish homework. It is obvious that his son wears frowned expression on his face. On the contrary, the second portrayal depicts a father is working earnestly besides his son, and his son is doing his own assignment without prodding.

The drawer demonstrates that utmost significance should be attached to the phenomenon that setting proper examples has exerted great impact on the growth of the younger generation in China. Previously, it is widely acknowledged that parents are under obligation to help their kids form a set of appropriate values about the world and the life, which carries overwhelmingly precious connotation to the sound development on the younger generation. Simultaneously, there is no denying that the most rational method for adults to educate adolescents is to set them good examples rather than making perpetual requirements, which is less persuasive compared with the actions.

Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implication from the drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten parents to be more advisable in educating their children. On the other hand, parents should attach more emphasis on setting excellent models for their juveniles. Only in this way, can we effectively ensure a promising prospect for adolescents.

文章泉源:2016年考研英语一真题及谜底